Legacy of Mihajlo I. Pupin
The legacy of Mihajlo Pupin in Idvor includes:
- House of Mihajlo Pupin
- National Center of Mihajlo Pupin
Mihajlo Pupin was born on October 9th 1854, in Idvor which was at the time a village in Habsburgh Monarchy.
He completed his primary education in his hometown.
After he spent some time in a technical school in Pančevo, he continued his education in Prague, but he had to stop it because his father passed away and because he was out of money. In 1874, he went to America. After five years he managed to enroll to Columbia University which he completed in time as the best student of the generation. He continued his post-graduate studies in Cambridge, and he defended his PhD on experimental physics in 1889 on the University of Friedrich Wilhelm in Berlin. After this, he spent forty years as a physics professor at the University of Columbia.
His work of many decades contributed greatly to the development of modern telephony. One of the most important inventions was the improvement of transmission of a phone call from a great distance, that is, Pupinization.
Beside science, during his life in America, Pupin was also engaged in socio-political circles, especially during World War I. Thanks to his participation in a Peace Conference in Paris in 1919, and a direct involvement in the discussion between American and Yugoslavian delegation, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes got some parts of Dalmatia, west Slovenia, parts of Slavonia, Baranja and Banat.
Mihajlo Pupin died on March 12th 1935. He was buried in Woodlawn in the northern part of New York.
The representatives of American and Yugoslavian delegations were present at his funeral.
The birth house of Mihajlo Pupin was renewed and reconstructed in 2004, the year when there was a celebration of 150 years of his birth. The old building of Idvor’s primary school that Pupin attended is now a museum where there are his most significant scientific inventions. One year after he died, National Center was built in Idvor and it was named after this famous scientist.
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